FactCheckNI is Northern Ireland`s first and only independent fact-checking service and a verified signatory to the International Fact-Checking Network`s Code of Principles. You can learn more about FactCheckNI, our staff, what our article judgments mean and how you can make a claim. Johnson is trying to resume backstop negotiations because he believes it will keep the UK trapped in the EU`s single market. Yesterday, he tweeted an open letter to EU Council President Donald Tusk in which he said the Good Friday agreement did not depend on a specific customs regime. Is he right? The deal has little concrete weight on border arrangements between Northern Ireland and Ireland – a major sticking point in the convoluted Brexit process. 1 Since the publication of the results of the 2016 Brexit referendum and the BRITISH government in negotiations with the EU on withdrawal from the European Union, the issue of the border between Northern Ireland/Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland has proven to be the main bone of contention against London and the EU negotiating teams. More than three years after the referendum, and despite Theresa May`s government`s promise to find solutions to keep the Irish border as transparent and invisible as it was before Brexit, the backstop included in the draft agreement reached in 2018 between London and Michel Barnier`s team is at this stage only a ploy to move the Irish border issue. It has not provided a solution due to a lack of political support.1 The purpose of this paper is to analyse the reasons that may be responsible for such a complex and complicated situation. The agreement called for an elected assembly of 108 members in Belfast responsible for finance, economic development, health, education, welfare, environment and agriculture. Other responsibilities would remain due to London. On 17 October 2019, EU leaders and Boris Johnson agreed on a revised withdrawal agreement that would replace the backstop with a new protocol.   Essentially, this project would de facto include Northern Ireland in the EU`s customs union and the single market for goods (including the introduction of EU VAT), while giving the UK the opportunity to turn away from each other.
In December 2019, the British Labour Party announced that it had received a document from the UK Treasury using the Freedom of Information Act 2000, which appears to show that the Prime Minister`s draft agreement would require certain types of customs controls in both directions between Britain and Northern Ireland.  Part of the peace agreement was that the British government agreed to a process of withdrawal from these facilities as part of so-called “demilitarization.” The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement because it was concluded on Good Friday, April 10, 1998. It was an agreement between the British and Irish governments and most of Northern Ireland`s political parties on how Northern Ireland should be governed. .